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Lake KD. Compton DR. Varga K. Martin BR. Kunos G.

Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298-0613, USA.

Cannabinoid-induced hypotension and bradycardia in rats mediated by CB1-like cannabinoid receptors.

Journal of Pharmacology & Experimental Therapeutics. 281(3):1030-7, 1997 Jun.

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Previous studies indicate that the CB1 cannabinoid receptor antagonist, N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-met 
hyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide HCl (SR141716A), inhibits the anandamide- and delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol- (THC) induced hypotension and bradycardia in anesthetized rats with a potency similar to that observed for SR141716A antagonism of THC-induced neurobehavioral effects. To further test the role of CB1 receptors in the cardiovascular effects of cannabinoids, we examined two additional criteria for receptor-specific interactions: the rank order of potency of agonists and stereoselectivity. A series of cannabinoid analogs including the enantiomeric pair (-)-11-OH-delta9-THC dimethylheptyl (+)-11-OH-delta9-THC dimethylheptyl were evaluated for their effects on arterial blood pressure and heart rate in urethane anesthetized rats. Six analogs elicited pronounced and long lasting hypotension and bradycardia that were blocked by 3 mg/kg of SR141716A. The rank order of potency was (-)-11-OH-delta9-THC dimethylheptyl > or = (-)-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1,1-dimethyl-heptyl)phenyl]-4-[3-hydroxy-propyl]c 
yclohexan-1-ol > (-)-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1,1-dimethyl-heptyl)phenyl]-4-[3-hydroxy-propyl]c 
yclohexan-1-ol > THC > anandamide > or = (-)-3-[2-hydroxy-4-(1,1-dimethyl-heptyl)phenyl]-4-[3-hydroxy-propyl]c 
yclohexan-1-ol, which correlated well with CB1 receptor affinity or analgesic potency (r = 0.96-0.99). There was no hypotension or bradycardia after palmitoylethanolamine or (+)-11-OH-delta9-THC dimethylheptyl. An initial pressor response was also observed with THC and anandamide, which was not antagonized by SR141716A. We conclude that the similar rank orders of potency, stereoselectivity and sensitivity to blockade by SR141716A indicate the involvement of CB1-like receptors in the hypotensive and bradycardic actions of cannabinoids, whereas the mechanism of the pressor effect of THC and anandamide remains unclear.

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