Guide To The Different Types Of
Hash From Around The World
Harder types of resin - mostly from Morocco and Lebanon are
made by sifting mature cannabis flowers through a series of sieves until only a
resinous powder remains. This powder is compressed and heated to allow the
resins to melt and stick together forming blocks.
The resin is then compressed into blocks and sealed with cellophane or cloth.
The result is a hard, brittle hash, usually light yellow to brown and sometimes
even reddish brown. Generally, the really hard and yellow stuff which is
cerebral is old Lebanese on the whole, and the slightly darker brown hash is
usually Moroccan. Apparently, new Lebanese is often also malleable.
The method used in Southern Asia involves rubbing the living flowers of the
cannabis plants with hands, a leather apron or other implements. The aim is to
get the soft and sticky resins to stick to a surface which can be taken
somewhere to be processed and collated.
These are then scraped off the skin or leather and rolled into lumps of
various sizes and compressed into blocks. The color is usually dark-brown to
black on the surface and lighter on the interior - air contact makes this hash
go darker in color. The consistency is normally soft and a lump can usually be
moulded into various shapes or sausages.
Usually, the potency of seized hash varies from under 1% THC to 26% THC.
Typically the strength is 3% to 8% THC, with the rest being vegetable matter.
Remember that THC is not the only drug in cannabis - there are various others
such as CBD and CBN which all add to the effect.
Strain: Afghani (Afghanistan)
Cultivation: Hashish is produced practically everywhere in and around
Afghanistan. The best kinds of Hash originate from the Northern provinces
between Hindu Kush and the Russian border (Balkh, Mazar-i-Sharif). As tourist in
Afghanistan it will be very difficult to be allowed to see Cannabis-Fields or
Production: The plants which are used for Hash production are very small and
bushy Indicas. In Afghanistan Hashish is pressed by hand under addition of a
small quantity of tea or water. The Hashish is worked on until it becomes highly
elastic and has a strong aromatic smell. In Afghanistan the product is stored in
the form of Hash-Balls (because a round ball has the less contact with air),
however, before being shipped, the Hash is pressed in 100g slabs. Good qualities
of Afghani are signed with the stem of the producing family. Sometimes Hash of
this kind is sold as Royal Afghani.
Color: Black on the outside, dark greenish or brown inside. Can sometimes
look kind of grayish on the outside when left in contact with the air.
Smell: Spicy to very spicy.
Taste: Very spicy, somewhat harsh on the throat. Afghani can induce lots of
coughing in inexperienced users.
Consistency: Soft, can be kneaded very easily.
Effect: Almost narcotic, produces a very physical and stony high.
Potency: Potent, sometimes very potent. It's easy to underestimate the
potency of Afghani since the high takes about 5 minutes to reach it's full
potential. (1.7%-6.5% THC)
Availability: Quite rare, especially good qualities. Beside Moroccan Hash,
Afghani is the most common kind of Hash on the European market. The price is
usually higher than Moroccan but quality differs greatly. If I have the choice
of Moroccan or Afghani then I would go for the stonier and more narcotic
Various: The softest Afghani isn't always the best - coconut or other oils
are often added in the originating country. There is also some Hash-Oil which is
being produced from Afghani, usually the quality is excellent. Most people I
know are bored of Afghani if they have to smoke it for a long time, on the other
side there are people who love this stuff. Beware: Turkish Hash is sometimes
offered under the name of Red Afghani.
Strain: Charas (India)
Cultivation: Cannabis is cultivated nearly everywhere around India.
Production: In India Hash is produced by carefully rubbing the female buds
between the hands. The resin is rolled in Hash-Balls, before shipment it's
pressed in the usual slabs.
Color: Black on the outside, dark greenish/brown inside.
Smell: Spicy to very spicy. Distinctive aroma.
Taste: Very spicy, somewhat harsh on the throat but definitively less so than
Consistency: Very soft, can be kneaded easily like Afghani. Sometimes quite
powdery though always dense.
Effect: Very stony and physical high. Cerebral.
Potency: Potent to very potent. Like Nepali, Charas is almost always good
smoke. (10-26% THC)
Availability: Very rare, from time to time very small quantities become
available. Most Hash of this kind is imported by private travellers to India. As
expected the price is very high, in the range of Nepali. Charas is usually sold
as a 'finger', which is a sausage shaped piece of hash.
Strain: Kashmiri (Kashmir/India)
Cultivation: No information available.
Production: Kashmir is the only Moslem country where Hashish is produced by
hand like in Nepal and Afghanistan. Usually the producers in Kashmir aren't able
to press the slabs decently.
Color: Black on the outside, brown-greenish inside. White lines usually
Smell: Very spicy and aromatic.
Taste: Quite an acquired taste, however not harsh on the throat.
Consistency: Somewhat harder than Afghani with less resin content. Natural
oils are often added to render the Hash soft.
Effect: Physical and stony high.
Potency: Potent to very potent. (10-12% THC)
Availability: Very rare.
Strain: Lebanese (Lebanon)
Cultivation: The most important Cannabis-Fields are located in the valley of
Baalbek. The fields are cultivated on very large scale, many of them using
modern machinery. The production is very industrially oriented, tradition is not
very involved in the Hash-Business.
Production: The Cannabis-Plants are left on the field until they are nearly
dry. By this time they will have acquired a brown-reddish color (some
Chlorophyll is destroyed by the UV-Rays of the Sun). Finally the plants are
brought in a barn to be dried completely.
Hashish is produced in the same way as in Morocco, basically the buds are
carefully rubbed over a fine silk-cloth, the resulting powder can be pressed
together. Than finer the mesh used, than better the resulting Hashish.
The Hash-Powder is stored inside 35kg plastic bags, in this form it can be
kept for a long time without losing much potency (because the resin glands are
In the winter months the pressing begins. Hash-Powder is filled in linen or
cotton bag and pressed under great pressure. On the surface of the Hashish the
structure of the tissue which was used can be clearly seen. Usually the Hash is
pressed in slabs of 100g, 200g (usually) or 1000g (1kg).
There is some Hash which is pressed by hand like in Afghanistan,
unfortunately it's usually not exported.
Color: There are two kinds of Lebanese-Hash: Yellow Lebanese, which is
yellowish and Red Lebanese which is reddish-brown (very similar to standard
Morocco in color). The Red-Lebanese is made from riper plants.
Smell: Spicy to very spicy, refreshing smell.
Taste: Very spicy, harsher than Turk or Morocco. Some Lebanese-Hash is
harsher than Afghani, especially when smoked in a Bong. Lebanese is quite an
Consistency: Usually the slabs are very thick (about 2-3cm) and not elastic.
However when you cut it, you can clearly see that it contains big quantities of
resin and that it can be cut easily. Some kinds of Lebanese, like Afghani have
the family stem on them. Very good Lebanese can be re-pressed by hand like
Afghani due to it's high resin-content.
Effect: Compared to most other Hash varieties the High is quite cerebral,
however more stony than Morocco or Turk. Of course, the yellow kind produces a
more cerebral high than the red kind (which is riper and contains more CBN than
Potency: Usually not very strong, somewhat stronger than Morocco. However
there are also very good varieties of Lebanon which are very strong. As already
mentioned the high resin content of the better varieties can be clearly seen and
it can be re-pressed by hand. (1.0%-18% THC)
Availability: Quite rare, good qualities are very rare. However Lebanese is
the third most common kind of Hash in Europe (after Morocco and Afghani).
Unfortunately most of the Lebanese which is sold is quite old and dry, fresh and
resinous Lebanese is very rare in the last years. Usually the price-range can be
compared to that of Afghani. I noticed that Yellow-Lebanese is somewhat rarer
than the red.
Various: I'm told that the best Lebanese-Hash is called Zahret el Kolch. The
availability of Lebanese is likely to increase since the crop substitution
programs run by the UN have been severely under funded, and farmers are
returning to more traditional crops to make a living.
Strain: Manali (India/Himalaya Region)
Production: The Hash is produced by hand like in Afghanistan and Nepal. From
what I heard the Hash production is organized by Europeans.
Color: Black on the outside, greenish-brown inside.
Smell: Reminds somewhat of Weed.
Taste: Reminds somewhat of Weed.
Consistency: Hard to very hard (when older).
Effect: Not as physical and stony as the other black kinds.
Potency: Medium to potent.
Availability: Very rare. When available usually in the form of sticks,
unfortunately often quite old.
Sonstiges: Pieces of stems and seeds can sometimes be found in the dope. This
was tried by ZZ in Amsterdam, and was the most disappointing of the gear we got.
High quality varieties are probably available though - watch out for the really
Strain: Moroccan (Morocco)
Cultivation: Cannabis is cultivated in the Northern regions, especially in
the province of Ketama. In 1992 Morocco cultivated at least 30'000 acres of
Cannabis. This produces about 15'000 tons of Hashish, which are exported to
Europe (especially Spain, France, Belgium, Holland, Germany, Switzerland and
Color: Greenish to brown. Due to the relatively short growing season the
plants retain a quite green color at harvest.
Smell: Lightly aromatic, not spicy.
Taste: Compared to other kinds of Hash the taste is very mild. Personally
speaking the taste of Morocco is one of my favorites, it's very soft on the
throat (especially in good varieties like Pollen or Zero-Zero) and reminds of
Consistency: Quite variable, however generally quite hard. Usually Morocco is
sold in 0,5 - 1,5cm thick slabs. Pollen is less pressed than normal Morocco,
ZeroZero is very soft, almost like Afghani.
Effect: Compared to other kinds of Hash it produces a quite cerebral and
Potency: Light to medium, only rarely potent. Even very good Morocco can't be
called particularly strong. (0.9%-10% THC)
Availability: Moroccan is the most common kind of Hash on the European
market, only recently it became possible for the average consumer to find other
kinds of Hash on the street. Morocco is sold under many names: Standard, Melange,
Premier, Zero, Zero-Zero, Sputnik, Pollen, Chocolate and probably many others.
Unfortunately these names aren't very useful, dealers sell everything which
is slightly better than Standard under a variety of names. Real Pollen is
light-brown in color, sold in thick, lightly compressed slabs. When heated it
expands much more than other Moroccan's.
I should add that botanically speaking the definition Pollen is completely
wrong. Of course the Hash is produced from Female resin glands and not from male
pollens (which contain virtually no THC).
Various: Even though the locals will offer you hash at very, very good
prices, be very careful. Don't tell them where you're staying, don't let the
hotel staff catch you with a spliff. Paranoia is a useful tool when it saves you
from a five year prison sentence!!!
Strain: Moroccan Hash Oil.
Cultivation: Moroccan hash oil is made from unpressed resin.
Production(Self instruction): Use the smallest alcohol molecule, methanol, to
perform a cold solvent extraction. The resin needs only to be soaked for an hour
or two with a stir or three; wash the resin three times with at least a 4:1
ratio of methanol to resin, condensing the methanol driven off by heat from the
filtered mixture each time.
Boil down to a 1:1 ratio and after the third wash set fire to it, immediately
give this a final methanol wash, fire it again; the flames will subside on their
own, if your resin was pure, and your filter papers were fine, and then it will
bubble up to the top of your pressure cooker; it is now super-hot (close all the
windows) will cool slowly but needs to be poured to easily separate the crust
which can be recycled.
Big warnings: methanol will rot your
brain and send you blind if you regularly inhale (luckily good hash oil contains
none) and methanol fires are deceptively fierce, you need good practical
chemistry lab habits. Incidentally, the washed residue looks exactly like hash
still, but will not get you stoned at all (guess what happens to that!)
Color: Dark brown as unwarmed solid, yellow and brown on rizla paper.
Smell: Very little, slightly toasted; if it smells strongly of anything, just
Taste: Slightly acrid, not pleasant unless disguised.
Consistency: When frozen will shatter; at room temperature is solid but
sticky; will drip from spatula when heated gently, quickly solidifies to sticky
Effect: Same as the hash you made it from, but will not deteriorate as
quickly with time.
Potency: Again, same as the resin you used, though the oil is clearly more
concentrated so less equivalent oil is needed than the original hash.
Availability: there's always resin in Morocco, but users need to love it to
handle it with total success. This is the combustible that will be used in
medical inhalers because it contains at least 75% less vegetable matter.
Strain: Nepalese (Nepal)
Cultivation: There are small Cannabis cultivations everywhere in the
Highlands of Nepal.
Production: The resin is collected by carefully rubbing the buds between both
hands. Later the collected resin is pressed to homogenous Hash-Balls (Temple
Balls). Before shipment these balls are pressed in slabs.
Color: Black on the outside, dark-brown inside.
Smell: The aroma is very spicy, heavy and quite sweet. It is particularly
potent if a piece of Hash is broken-up.
Taste: Highly aromatic and sweet, more so than Afghani but still less harsh
on the throat.
Consistency: Usually somewhat harder than Afghani but still soft enough to be
kneaded at body temperature.
Effect: Very physical and stony high.
Potency: Potent to very potent.(11%-15% THC)
Availability: Very rare.
Sonstiges: The best Hash comes from Nepal. This stuff is simply the best - if
it really is Nepalese and not some Afghani sold as Nepalese. Usually Nepalese is
very expensive, in Amsterdam the best Hash in many Coffee-Shops is nothing else
than Nepalese. Personally I think it's always worth the money, at least if you
like the stony high it produces. Unfortunately Nepali has been very rare around
here in the last years. From time to time small quantities become available.
Strain: Nether-Dope (Netherlands)
Cultivation: This Hash is produced from Cannabis plants grown in the
Netherlands. Plants are usually cultivated Indoors but there are also small
Outdoors and Greenhouse cultivations.
Production: The manufacture method varies with the producer. Most of the Hash
is produced thru screening like in Morocco, however there is also a small
quantity of hand-rubbed Hash produced using the Afghani method (which of course
is much better). However only a very small quantity of the Weed is transformed
Color: Usually quite green, however this varies with the kind of Weed used
and the producer.
Smell: Usually quite grass or skunk - like, but depends from the kind of
Taste: Same as above.
Consistency: A lot of the Dutch Hashish is not pressed correctly (that's an
art) and usually beaks apart too easily. However recently the consistency
improved, they seem to learn quickly. The above of course doesn't refer to
hand-rubbed Hash which is very soft like Afghani. Often the hash is simply the
female heads crushed and pressed under huge weights to form a solid lump which
very easily powders up.
Effect: The kind of High depends from the strain of Weed which was used,
however usually the high is quite active and cerebral.
Potency: Potent to very potent, this stuff is better than any other kind of
Hash available to the average user. It even beats most Nepali's and nearly every
kind Afghan. (Up to 59% THC)
Availability: Very, very rare outside the Netherlands and surrounding
countries. I wouldn't hold your breath waiting for this stuff to appear on the
Sonstiges: The quality varies widely however the price is always high. There
isn't any standard denomination for the Dutch Hash. High quality powder can come
under the name Sensi-Hash which is simply highly compressed THC crystals.
Cultivation: Hash-Oil can be (and is) produced from any kind of Hash, so the
cultivation method varies with the origin country.
Production: Hash-Oil is very simple to make: the dried and powdered Buds are
soaked in a (preferably Non-Polar) solvent for a couple of weeks, then the
solvent is evaporated and what remains is Hash oil.
Color: Extremely dark green to nearly black.
Smell: Highly aromatic and spicy.
Taste: Highly aromatic and spicy, taste however varies considerably with the
Consistency: Hash-Oil (even a highly pure one) is quite thick and hard at
room temperature. At body temperature it becomes extremely sticky, when heated
it becomes a liquid.
Effect: Very physical and stony high. Most stony and physical high you can
Potency: Potent to very potent.
Availability: Quite rare but becomes available from time to time, probably a
lot is produced in someone's kitchen.
Sonstiges: I should add something about the solvents, nearly always some form
of Alcohol is used as solvent. While this works quite well (especially if the
source material is already good) there is a lot of Chlorophyll and other
inactive substances in the product.
A purer form of Hash-Oil, usually called Honey-Oil, is produced by extracting
the material with Petroleum-Ether (or some other non-polar solvent) and
separating the water soluble substances from the insolubles. Unfortunately in
the origin country usually low quality Dope is used in the production of Oil.
It is also quite easy to be ripped off when buying oil since it's very easy
Strain: Pakistani (Pakistan)
Cultivation: Cannabis is especially cultivated in the North-West-Frontier-
Province which isn't under government control. This region is considered tribal
area. Drugs of every kind are produced, as well as weapons. Every man is
permitted (and should) bear a firearm. The best Hashish is produced in the
regions of Citral, Swat and Khaibar, however many of the field were converted to
Production: The hash is produced quite exactly like in Afghanistan.
Color: Black on the outside, dark-brown inside. Sometimes even kinds of
greenish color can be found.
Smell: Spicy to very spicy.
Taste: Very spicy, quite harsh on the throat (like Afghani).
Consistency: Soft, like Afghani.
Effect: Very physical, somewhat stonier than Afghani.
Potency: Medium to potent (2.4%-15% THC)
Availability: Very rare.
Sonstiges: Until 1979, when the Islamic Rule (of life) was introduced, one
could purchase Opium and Hash of various qualities in the so called Government
Strain: Turk (Turkey)
Cultivation: Cannabis is produced in the rural regions like Anatolia.
Production: The manufacture method (and the resulting product) is very
similar to Morocco, the Hashish is pressed from Resin-Powder.
Smell: Slightly spicy.
Taste: Not especially aromatic or spicy, very soft on the throat.
Consistency: When pressed correctly Turk is hard like a rock. Sometimes it
can look like over aged Moroccan Hash. Sometimes Turkish hash is encountered as
brittle thin wafers which crumble and powder easily.
Effect: Highly cerebral compared to other kinds of Hash. Probably the most
cerebral high of any kind of Hash.
Potency: Light to medium, rarely potent.(3.5%-8.8% THC)
Availability: Very rare.
Sonstiges: Turk can be recognized by the typical crack sound it makes when a
slab is broken. Hashish use isn't very common in Turkey, Hash is available but
you need to have contacts and be very careful.