Fertility drugs are simply drugs that promote greater fertility. These drugs work by promoting ovulation. By stimulating hormones in the female brain, the drugs work to release some eggs from the ovaries every month. The most common fertility drugs are Clomiphene, Human Menopausal Gonadotrophin, and Bromocriptine.
Clomiphene is one of the fertility drugs that stimulate the pituitary gland. This gland, in turn, produces follicle-stimulating hormones (FSH) -- the hormones that precipitate ovulation. The hormones help the ovaries prepare a number of eggs each month. Later on in the drug process, another hormone is released that tells the ovaries to release a mature egg into the fallopian tubes, ready for fertilization.
Clomiphene is often used by women who ovulate irregularly or not at all. Statistics show that a high percentage of Clomiphene users will ovulate (70-90%), while a smaller but significant number (20-60%) will get pregnant. Clomiphene is taken on a daily basis, in pill form.
Human Menopausal Gonadotropin
Also known as HMG, human menopausal gonadotropin is made up of purified FSH. Again, when FSH is introduced into the body, the woman’s body is prompted to produce eggs. After almost two weeks of injections, the woman receives a shot of human chorionic gonadotropin, which causes the ovaries to release the eggs it had developed.
HMG is often one of the fertility drugs prescribed to women who have low levels of estrogen and have not been able to achieve results using Clomiphene. Statistics show similarities between the effects of Clomiphene and HMG. About 20-60& of HMG users go on to become pregnant.
Bromocriptine is a drug that reduces the amount of prolactin in the body. Prolactin is a hormone that reduces the estrogen levels and prevents ovulation. Taken orally or as a vaginal pill, Bromocriptine reduces the level prolactin so that ovulation can occur. Nine out of ten people who use this drug ovulate, and up to more than 85% will get pregnant.
Disclaimer: Cliff Schaffer does not personally endorse or support any of the comments made within the writings of this article.